War of 1812 Study Guide
This is a half-test worth 50 points 
It is structured as follows: 
--15 Identifications where you will choose the best answer from a word bank
--5 Identifications where you must define from memory (i.e. What is an armistice?)
--3 Rapid Response questions where your answer must be two to three sentences in length.
--Causes and Effects of the War of 1812 
--Primary Source questions based on The Providential Detection political cartoon. 


Make sure you can identify the following based on a description. 
There will be a word/phrase bank for 15 of them and 5 you must know from memory. 

Aaron Burr
William Clark
John Marshall
Judicial Review
Midnight Judges
Meriwether Lewis
Thomas Jefferson
Louisiana Purchase
Marbury v. Madison
Judiciary Act of 1801
War Hawks
John C. Calhoun
Henry Clay
U.S.S. Constitution
Treaty of Ghent
James Madison
Andrew Jackson
Battle of New Orleans 
Thomas Jefferson
William Henry Harrison
Battle of Tippecanoe


Make sure you have good understanding of The Providential Detection political cartoon. (see cartoon on right)
  • You will be asked to list ONE value and ONE limitation of the cartoon based on its Content.
  • You will be asked to list ONE value based on its origin. 
  • You also may be asked to identify the following elements contained in the cartoon: 
  • How is Thomas Jefferson’s position toward France in the late 1790s reflected in this cartoon?
  • How might this cartoon have been used to influence public opinion in the presidential campaign of 1800?
  • What does the eagle symbolize? What does it prevent Jefferson from doing?
  • What elements of the cartoon show Jefferson’s attitudes toward France?
  • What opinion about the French government of 1797 does the cartoon express?
  • What is the main idea expressed in the cartoon?
You will be asked to answer three of the following questions:

-How did the Louisiana Purchase affect the United States and its government? 
  • Review your answer (#5) on your 6-3 Worksheet that was submitted on Jan. 25.
  • Spain returned the Louisiana Territory to France in 1800
  • Jefferson feared a strong French presence in the mid-continent would encourage the Federalist to side with Britain even more as a buffer against France
  • Jefferson authorized purchase of the territory for $15 million even though he doubted whether the Constitution allowed the government to acquire new territory. The Senate approved the purchase. 
  • The Louisiana Purchase territory more than doubled the size of the United States in 1803.
-Why did the War Hawks - led by John C. Calhoun and Henry Clay - call for war against Britain? 
  • U.S. must defend its neutrality between France and Great Britain. 
  • Stop Impressment of U.S. sailors aboard naval ships
  • Stop seizure of U.S. merchant ships by France & Britain
  • Remove British forts out of Northwest Territory
  • Deal with "aggressive" Indian Confederacy and Tecumseh
  • Desire for Canada and Florida
-Why were southern and western states more willing to go to war than mid-Atlantic, Northern and New England States? 

-How did the Battle of Tippecanoe hurt the cause of the Native Americans? 
Think about: 
• the loss of Native American lands
• the reluctance of certain tribes to join the confederacy
• Tecumseh’s role in the War of 1812 

-Why was the Battle of New Orleans such an important accomplishment for America even though it was fought following the armistice? 


What were the five major causes of the War of 1812?
  • Be able to describe each in at least one sentence.
What was the major effect of the War of 1812, with regards to the Treaty of 1818
  • What was the significance of this treaty and what did it accomplish? Be able to support in two to three sentences.

A Student's Model One-Sentence Answers to the Causes of the War of 1812 based on the list above: 

The British blockade of France
The British blockaded France in order to prevent them from trading, but many American ships and their cargo were taken because of it, which angered American traders.

The British policy of Impressment
The British would board ships looking for British deserters, but also took Americans too, which ended up causing some naval fights and challenging the sovereignty of the U.S., which angered Americans.

Jefferson’s Embargo
In response to the British blockade of France, Jefferson started a U.S. embargo, so that the French and British would have to beg us to trade with them again, but it backfired and hurt the U.S. more than anyone else.

Tecumseh’s Confederacy
In response to settlers invading Native American lands, Tecumseh and his brother, The Prophet, started an alliance of Native American tribes who allied with the British and attacked American settlements.

The “War Hawks”
A group of senators, including Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun, wanted war against the British in Canada and to destroy Tecumseh’s Confederacy.

EFFECT of the War of 1812: Treaty of 1818
This treaty set the upper boundary for the Louisiana Purchase at the 49th parallel, thereby setting a clear border between the U.S. and Canada. It also set up joint occupation of Oregon Territory between the U.S. and Britain. This started an about 200 year period of peace between the two nations.

The Louisiana Purchase

Louisiana Purchase

The Providential Detection
Political Cartoon

The Providential Detection

War of 1812

The Battle of Tippecanoe

The War Hawks - "On to Canada!"
John Calhoun & Henry Clay