U.S. Constitution Test Study Guide
This final test of the second quarter will focus exclusively on the U.S. Constitution and the ratification process. There will be NO short answer questions. You'll have a mixture of rapid response questions (one to two words to a short phrase answers), comprehension questions (DBQs), and multiple choice. It will be worth 100 points. 

Be sure you understand the following: 

--Understand the Amendment process (Article V)
--Understand Federalism: the Powers of the Federal v. State Governments (Article VI) 
--Know why Donald J. Trump won the presidency after the Electoral College met on December 19, 2016.
--How many states were required to ratify the Constitution? 
--Who were the Federalists and what did they support and why? What groups joined with the Federalists? 
--Who were the Anti-Federalists and what did they support and why? What groups joined with the Anti-federalists? 

--Be sure you understand the major provisions of The Bill of Rights and why the Anti-federalists demanded it be included in the Constitution before ratification.  

When the Constitution was first introduced, it originally did not have the two-thirds supermajority it needed to be ratified.  Many delegates, still remembering the civil rights violations by King George, wanted a guarantee of the civil rights this new government was intended to protect.  The Constitution passed only with the promise that these civil rights would be enumerated through the first ten amendments to the Constitution, collectively known as the Bill of Rights.


--How many amendments are in the Bill of Rights?
--Can you put an amendment in your own words, like the exercise we did in class this week? For example: 

Amendment IV

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

--What are the five freedoms that are protected by the First Amendment?

--Know why the amendments were needed prior to the Constitution being approved by the states. 

Be able to list at least THREE (3) rights guaranteed to you by the Bill of Rights beyond the First Amendment. Here is the list: 
  • The right to a speedy trial
  • The right to a jury trial
  • No high (excessive) bail
  • No cruel / unusual punishment
  • The right to bear arms
  • No quartering of soldiers
  • Compensation for property if taken for government use
  • The right to avoid self-incrimination (Fifth amendment) 
  • No unreasonable search or seizures
Be sure to rely on the U.S. Constitution Slide Presentation Shown in Class