Balancing Nationalism & Sectionalism TEST STUDY GUIDE
Format of the Test (100 points)
--1 Short Answer Question (15%)
--2 Rapid Response Questions (2-3 sentence responses) (10%)
--5 Document-based Questions on primary and secondary sources (including maps) (25%)
--2 Value and Limitation Questions (10%)
--25 Identifications of key people / events / terms (40%)


Short Answer Question
You will be given ONE short answer question to answer in TWO PARAGRAPHS. The question will come from one of the following three topics: 

1. How did Nationalism Promote the National Power over the States and Shape Foreign Policy? (Ch. 7-2)
Nullified by jhyer on Tuesday morning :)

2. What short- and long-term goals might President James Monroe had in mind when he formulated the Monroe Doctrine in 1823?
  • In general make sure you KNOW the main idea of the Doctrine: In his 1823 message to Congress, President Monroe warned all outside powers not to interfere with affairs in the Western Hemisphere, attempt to create new colonies, or try to overthrow the newly independent republics in the hemisphere.
  • How much weight did the Monroe Doctrine really have with foreign powers? Could they have ignored it without heavy consequences? Why was it ultimately successful? (Great Britain supported idea). 
  • Paragraph 1: Background / Concerns: The U.S. had just concluded the War of 1812 and successfully negotiated the Rush-Bagot Treaty (provide details), the Treaty of 1818 in the Northwest (know details), and the Adams-Onis Treaty (know details). By the early 1820s Spain and Portugal wanted to reclaim its Latin American colonies and the Russians, in Alaska, were establishing trading posts in what is now California. 
  • Paragraph 2: Goals: To avoid / solve these issues, Monroe sought to: 
  • Protect American trade (why?) 
  • Diminish the power of Spain, Portugal, France, and Russia in the Western Hemisphere (why considered a threat?)
  • Provide for national security 
  • Encourage continuing U.S. territorial expansion in the Western Hemisphere (what areas / regions was Monroe seeking to protect?)
3. Why is the Nullification Crisis considered a major long-range cause of the Civil War? (Rely on your 7-4 Homework as a study guide for this question. We will go over the material in class on Monday.)
Nullified by jhyer on Tuesday morning :)

Identification of Names, Terms, & Events 
Know the Two Major Long-Term Causes of the Civil War we've studied so far: (1) Missouri Compromise (1820) and (2) the Nullification Crisis (1832)

People
Eli Whitney
Henry Clay
James Madison
John Quincy Adams
John Marshall
Andrew Jackson 
Rachel Jackson
John C. Calhoun
Daniel Webster
 
Chapter 7-1: Terms & Events
Industrial Revolution 
Interchangeable parts
Cotton gin
Erie Canal
"King Cotton"
Tariff of 1816
"Era of Good Feelings"
Chapter 7-2: Terms & Events
Gibbons v. Ogden (steamboats & interstate trade) 
McCulloch v. Maryland (national bank & state rights')
Adams-Onis Treaty
Missouri Compromise (1820)
Monroe Doctrine
Chapter 7-3: Terms & Events
The President's Lady novel
1824 and 1828 Presidential Elections
Spoils System
Indian Removal Act
Trail of Tears
Chapter 7-4: Terms & Events
Tariffs of 1824 and 1828
"Tariff of Abominations"
Theory of Nullification
Secession (definition of) 
Bank of the United States
Pet Banks









Know the FOLLOWING: 
  • The definitions of SECTIONALISM and NATIONALISM
  • Understand how the Industrial Revolution began creating distinct regional economies (be able to provide examples)
  • How the Cotton Gin increased - rather than decreased - slavery
  • How was Henry Clay's American System supposed to unite the sections of the United States
  • Why was the "Era of Good Feelings" a somewhat deceptive term
  • Did the Missouri Compromise demonstrate that the new spirit of nationalism in the United States was strong or fragile? Support your opinion. 
  • Know the influence of the elimination of property ownership on the 1824 and 1828 elections
  • What was the purpose of (causes) and impact of (effects) the Indian Removal Act (1830) on the Native American population that lived along the East Coast?
  • What arguments did the Native Americans have for remaining along the East Coast beyond 1830?
  • Why was Andrew Jackson so opposed to the National Bank? 


Chapter 7-1 Presentation: Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism


Chapter 7-2 Presentation: Nationalism at Center Stage


Chapter 7-3 Presentation: Age of Andrew Jackson

Chapter 7-3 Presentation: Indian Removal Act


Chapter 7-4 Presentation: Nullification Crisis